The History of the Ankole-Watusi breed is long and distinguished. Its lineage can be traced to before 4000 B.C.E as proved by rock paintings in the Sub-Sahara,the Egyptian and Meroitic pyramids, before the first pharaohs ruled Egypt and Kush, when a breed known as the Hamitic Longhorn (according to animal historians) now commonly known as Ankole-Watusi lived along the Nile particularly prevailing around the shores of lake Victoria and Tanganyika. The Breed found its way into ancient Egypt.Over the period of 3,000 years later, the cattle headed way east through Abyssinia  to Arabian peninsula after spreading west into  Garama ( now Chad and Libya) and other parts of Africa. The majestic animal may have been a result of an African Buffalo Hybrid with the shorter extinct type of African Aurochs thousands of years ago and originated around the western shores of Lake Victoria in East Africa.

Debunking  general theory on  Ankole-Watusi Cattle’s Origin from India.

The twisted belief that the breed is originally a hybrid of Zebu from the Indian sub-continent, identifying it as a sub-specie Sanga cattle and therefore regarded as an intermediate type  formed by hybridizing the indigenous African humpless cattle with Zebu kind allegedly brought in from India to Uganda  over 40,000 years ago is largely unfounded or lacks historical evidence. Especially on how Indians  brought in the Zebu to  inland central Africa, bred it in Uganda forming the Sanga (Ankole-Watusi) type and vanished back to Asia living the Cow to the benefit of Bahima and Batusi peoples is totally unlikely  therefore safe to say, never happened.

The Ankole-Watusi is  a hybrid of something else extinct (African Aurochs perhaps) with an African Buffalo or an original by itself considering the fact that, the first interaction of Asians and indigenous Central Africans did not take place until around 700 C.E.The Breed is way too older to have  initially been introduced to Africa during that period. The breeding process towards a Watusi produced the Zebu as an intermediary  ( dominant in south East Asia,..which  was introduced there from Africa) and was henceforth cast for hard labor and economic tasks  many centuries ago by  the Elamites for farming and transportation exercises and adopted by Dravidians in the Indus valley but not the other way round.The Ankole breed is very distinct from the Ongole breed of India.The Ankole Watusi is exclusive in it’s appearance especially by it’s very long Horns.None of the other long horned Cows seen in Chad,Mali,Senegal,Ethiopia and even those painted on Egyptian walls project the exactness in similarity with  Cows found in Ankole.The intricacy of the shapes and lengths of their horns and the smooth hair on their skins and often fine dark brown,light-brown,reddish-brown,brown with white spots and black colors; are no exact correspondence with those Cows seen outside the great lakes of East Africa.Suggesting that those Sanga Cows which were/or are found around and beyond  the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn are  sub Watusi breeds. The Watusi Cows originated in the East African Savannah grasslands just like the African Buffalo,and in the similar ways other unique mammals such as Giraffes,Elephants and Lions originated in that particular region of  the planet. The Far East Asian humped Zebu which was introduced by Elamites and Dravidians there, has eventually  acquired and shared genes from a native Bos frontalis sire of a Bovine family since it’s introduction in Asia 2500 years ago.Cows of this region are more closely related to Bisons and water Buffaloes than the exclusive refined class of Watusi.

Debunking  theory of lower Egyptian origin of  the Breed.

This theory thrives on a construed notion that everything remarkable in Africa started from lower Egypt and not on a merit of Egyptians importing it from else where in Africa.

These ideas arise from the fact that the only place on the continent where some of the recorded ancient African history is found is  in  Egypt  where  pictographs of similar cattle can be seen on monuments. Lower Egypt having been a desert area, bares no way  this cattle specie could have originated in such a sandy desert environment but most likely from around the source of the Nile where  vast plains of lush vegetation and fresh water in fair climate made it possible for such a majestic animal to have emerged and thrived.

The appearance of the Cow shows a specie that stemmed from a much greener environmental area compared to general characteristics of desert animals such as camels and cows found in northern Kenya,Sudan,Ethiopia and Mali.

the suggestion that, these Cows originated in Egypt is like saying that, Llamas in South America originated in Scotland because they resemble Sheep or that Camels originated in Chile because they resemble Llamas.Surely Lions did not originate around Cairo either because they are erected as monuments (part of Sphinx) there.

  Hima migration fallacy

This notion is also based off common theory that Hima-Tutsi people migrated to Rwanda-Kitara area from modern day Ethiopia,Sudan and Egypt.Hima-Tutsi as nomadic people and Kingdom builders were spread along the Nile valley since first Egyptian dynasty.They are primarily autochthonous to the Nile base.The Afar,Galla/Oromo,Agau,Sidama and Beja as native dwellers of Abyssinia,Somalia and Yemen have ancient roots from among Tutsi and  Masai from the plain shores of Lake Victoria and rift valley volcanic mountain plains but not the other way round as general academia have ventured to put forth and confuse.Another name for ancient Toro is Gala/Gara which may suggest Galla people of horn of Africa to have origins at.Although some scholars have thought Gara/Gala to be an ancient  place in Rwanda,wider theories have put Oromites/Gala to have origins in ancient Iran.Less known reality is that at some point in history,exclusive cattle raring tribes (mostly Nilotes) were vastly spread from the beginnings of the Nile to Mesopotamia.

The hypothesis of Tutsi-Hima origin from outside of Havilah (Uganda,Rwanda,Burundi,Congo,Kenya,Tanzania) or Eden,was proposed as one of the many tools of use in divide and conquer policy of the colonizers with terminal goal to instill historical confusion,pseudo hostilities,bitter tribal conflicts and ultimately, genocides.The official biblical storyline on Havilah is another concocted twisted narrative by the Romans to deny it  its true African foundation and places it in Arabian desert.

Founders of ancient Nubian and Egyptian civilizations rose from the mountains of the Moon (as recorded in the papyri ) and at the beginning of the Nile which is where the official seat of ancient Kitara is,thus went forth with their cattle and other domesticated  animals for rituals and specialized farming in the Mediterranean coast lands and Mesopotamia.These founders had a level of sanctity and spiritual protocols handed down from a mysterious source that guided them in formation of those civilizations.A Watusi Cow among other animals was a central element in these configurations.

Kitara has over 10 highest peaked mountains than anywhere else on Earth of which stood as a prerequisite for ancient Gods to have descended and alighted at,.. if the history of antiquity and general mythology were to be taken literally.

Despite physical similarities between Hima-Tutsi and horn of Africans, there is no narrations in traditional songs and poems  among  Bunyoro-Rwanda-Kitara natives that they once lived  in Ethiopia and Somalia and later migrated to Uganda and Rwanda but; there is strong signs of connection with ancient Egyptian royalty within noble customs of Baganda,Batooro, Bahima and Batusi ,.. as well as tales of Mesopotamic accounts in folklores amongst various tribes of the area including the Kikuyu, Luo and the Luhya.Contrary, there are  signs  of rhythm and intonations  in  traditional songs and chants that have survived among horn of Africans which resemble those of Hima-Tutsi even with centuries of latter-age Indo-Eurasian cultural influences on a minimal among Ethiopians and Somalians.

Tutsis are some of the ancestors of horn of Africans, Fula people and some ancient royal black Asians and not the other way round.

Kitara is the mother of Nile valley and delta civilizations and was later run simultaneously with ancient Nubia and Kemet as well as Munomotapa which scholars wrongly recorded as a recent empire. Rulers of upper and lower Nile cared for the whole of the African continent and  were not ignorant of its size and places.The bloodlines of these rulers were Cow people for un-established reasons who western academia termed as “Hamites and Cushites”.We place that in commas because of belief that the Ham and Cush bibilical theory is a cooked out myth or a far twisted account from the original African story.It is  still possible that a person named Kush existed in ancient horn of Africa to India as a nobleman.But still the Biblical account of Noah and his different sons is a Nicaean/Nicene fabrication or a misrepresentation of a very meager ancient Anatolian epic (might or might not have ever occurred) of a local flood survivor or that of an ancient Egyptian solar Boat of Khufu,or a local antiquated incident of flood survival in ancient Iran/Afghanistan that was magnified to fit earth History and twisted and placed into holy texts to initiate and justify past & present global  enslavement of the Black race.

There has never been a flood that filled the entire earth for 4o days.The only global disaster that earth has ever experienced at a high magnitude was Pangaean drifting of tectonic plates and rifting of major valleys. Even the Ice age theory on a global level is doubtable.Any other disasters related to weather and seismology in ancient and modern times are isolatively regional but not  global in one go.

Ham is known as Kayima or Gahima among Bantu. Cultural legend in Sub-Saharan Africa talks of him as an ancient nobleman and a great leader.The Abrahamic western narrative of a cursed Ham is one of the biggest defamation ever manufactured on dark people that accorded black Africans a huge stigma spiritually and socially and  part of the bad seed of propaganda sown through religion by a few ancient Europeans to misrepresent the truth and spiritually subjugate the Black race while elevating themselves in all circles of life as God’s  chosen.

Ham truly lived as Kayima and a Nile valley African.There was no such a thing as a Curse cast upon Ham/Kayima by manufactured Noah. Ham did not have a Caucasian brother named Japheth,… that’s preposterous! It’s fabrication and genetically impossible unless Japheth was an Albino, but still , Caucasians did not occur as a result of Albinism as some may alternatively theorize.It is as risible to propose that the first man and woman on earth were Caucasians 6000 years ago outside of Africa (as the Bible implies) and that the Mbuti Congolese and other world natives came from those Caucasians.Ham/Gahima/Kakama/Kayima’s other name was Kanyarwanda I.It’s not clear who really was his father some say Nkya( transliteration of Anhk) or born of a holly cow.Others say that Khem/Kayima was son of Gihanga while other say he was a grand son of Gihanga or Ruhanga and Rurenge (Big foot/Anu) on his mother’s side. Kayima was among the first  known semi-divine kings to rule along the Nile valley and around mountains of the moon  prehistorically.Here, we point to way before  Bitto kitara begun.

Western educated East Africans to a large extent have been a disappointment in digging out and asserting these truths to the world.They have been conditioned to fear the idea of Africa with an oldest history (and help deny) that their history began before the rest of the world’s. They have willfully conformed to a compromise of squeezing the original long lasting chronology of great reigns of their ancient rulers into a mare half-millennial time-frame in submission to colonizer’s agenda and to the flawed idea of a recently civilized continent.They have also deliberately worked unknowingly or knowingly to promote these grand deceptions and helped self-deny their Edenic  heritage.

Before any ancient technological developments on earth surfaced, river sources were teeming with people with mystical powers and extraordinary knowledge waiting to charge forth and rise which they later did.

Hima-Tutsi existence extended from  the Nile source at the same time all through to Palestine.(A possibility of black people being prehistoric natives of lands stretching all the way to Sweden is another  debate).The general mainstream teaching of Hima-Tutsi migration theory from Ethiopia disregards this fact by concocting and constricting it in the following ways:

i.That the Hima-Tutsi were foreigner who migrated towards Nile source from north of the Nile around 1000 A.D.        This is half a myth.  

  Fact:Black refugees including those of Pharoanic  bloodlines  returned to lake Victorian shores, rejoining people of their kind following Eurasian invasions beginning 6th century BC to 70  AD.More Phases of returnees including Bantus and Nubians to the deep jungles and on plains of Africa, took place until 700 AD following later invasions by Mohammedan Arabs. Those blacks who remained suffered massacres, slavery and rape which explains the mulatto effect on the majority of horner’s modern appearance, especially among Djiboutis,Ethiopians,Beja and north Sudanese.

ii.That the Hima-Tutsi came as Conquerors.     False.    

Fact:    Hima-Tutsi lived with rest of groups as a termite caste hierarchy. Each tribe respected and valued the other and worked together to uphold and safeguard their clusters. There is no legend of a war of conquer between Hima-Tutsi with Bantu and Twa. There is however tales of wars between Kingdoms  and Kingdoms after disintegration of Bunyoro-Kitara empire beginning 12th century AD.

iii.That Hutu (Bantu) and Twas were not also spread all the way to Cairo and beyond Suez.

Fact:Bantu/Hutu and other Nubian groups were present in Kemet and beyond to Mesopotamia.Not as slaves but as general population.


Bantu male with sandals on,fine fabric around waist with Bantu designs carrying Leopard skin and Monkey while guiding Goat.8th century BC Mesopotamia.


Hima-Tutsi as portrayed on ancient rocks

Groups found around modern day Lake Victoria retreated in a massive exodus from the north of Africa following Greco-Roman and Persian-Arab invasions.They arrived at the Nile source finding and rejoining earlier groups of their kind that dwelt there from time of genesis who by then run kingdoms within Rwanda-Bunyoro-Kitara and the Kongo in unison with Nubia and Kemetic civilizations.

The Greco and Roman invasions which gave way to Ptolemaic rulership and later Alexander, were initially characterized by brutality to the indigenous black people of north Africa and Ancient Kemet in particular. The brutality and massacres had successfully been done on black Carthaginians ( who were children of  black Sidonians commonly known as Phonecians)  then done on Libyans and blacks on Islands of Patmos.

The exodus of the groups of relatives of the Nubian Pharaohs and Kemetic blue bloods initially evacuated to Napata and later Kush with their Cows and symbols of power and eventually continued in retreatment  further south towards Uganda, Rwanda/Burundi while others headed east to Somalia/Yemen/Eritrea and West to Mali and Senegal.A hidden aspect that is never discussed and investigated upon.

Along the Hima-Tutsis,..elements of  Twas,Bantu and west Africans,Sudanic Nilotes and other groups also faced a retreat and exodus from north Africa at the same time.

These groups were the citizenry and general population who provided labor services and worship and sacrifices to Pharaohs and Gods especially Re.

Before that, ancient Egyptians and north Africans traveled and traded back and forth in-land Africa in search for Animals for domestication and other animal based products such as leopard skins,tasks,bones,blood,dried meat,grains,medicinal herbs, frankincense,spices,seeds,fruits,Salt,Iron,Gold, Limestone,laborers,and brides.Paintings of East African birds such as crested Cranes,Ibis and animals such as Giraffes and Lions can be seen in ancient Egyptian art.There are no depictions of non African animals such as polar Bears,Bengal Tigers,Bisons,Reindeer and Wolves on their walls.

Ancient people from the north of Africa i.e the Numidians,Garamantes and Egyptians traveled back and forth and interacted as far as the Zambezi river.It is during these early incidents of hunting and trading expeditions in pre-dynastic periods, that, the Watusi breed was further taken to Saharan Kingdoms  from  Savannah grasslands  and later earned a symbolic reverence and worship among early general North Africans.

They also regularly traveled from Egypt down south to the source of the  Nile  alternatively to offer  sacrifices to the  Nile Gods  and along several other positions on river’s journey north for more appropriate rituals, its purification and flood inundation. Ancient Egyptians called the river Nile  “Iteru“. This in Rwanda and Burundi dialects is known as Iteru ry’umugyezi which means the  river that flows forth.

The Ankole-Watusi cattle in Uganda,Rwanda,Burundi,Tanzania and Eastern Congo with their truly distinctive horns, are known around the world for their giant horns that can grow to eight feet in length.. ,in flat, circular or lyre shapes. These horns not only provide formidable defense against predators, but blood circulating through the honeycomb interior provides an efficient mechanism to cool the animal’s body temperature in a  hot climatic instances, just like a giant radiator.

In Uganda, the Banyankole/Banyoro-Hima-Hema  tribe’s variety is known as the Ente zeny’Ankole (ANKOLE CATTLE). In Rwanda and Burundi, the Tutsi-Nyamulenge tribe’s variety is called the Watusi (these involve of Inyambo and inkuku types) or Inka Ntutsi (WATUSI CATTLE). Culturally the animals that  grew the longest horns were reserved for the royalty, and are called “Cattle of Kings” for this reason. The true name of this breed of cattle is the Ankole-Watusi from Hima-Nyankole and Tutsi tribes they originated from.

In other tales the cattle are associated with the ancient Cwezi people and the Batembuzi who are thought to have been the cows breeders and distributors over time.These Cows hold something very important in the reminder of how ancient and royally connected the Hima-Watusi people were in history of African civilizations. How they became the custodians and rightful breeders of these uniquely refined and majestic animals, is a worthy road to unravel and investigative quest into the Nile Valley’s past. Ankole-Watusi Cows are spectacular in all aspects.They are elegant and graceful.Other tribes that depend on these breed of Cows are the Masai,Banyoro,Bahaya,Rendile and the Itesots as well as as among west African Fulanis,Sudanic Dinka and some Ethiopians.


The Ankole-Watusi are medium-sized cattle, with bulls weighing up to 1,600 pounds and cows up to 1,200 pounds, standing approximately six feet tall at the shoulder and are a very social breed. Watusi horns can reach 8 feet tip to tip and can have a base circumference of up to 28 inches.  Calves Newborn calves weigh just 30–50 pounds (14–23 kg) and remain small for several months In East Africa, traditional wealth was measured in living heads of cattle.


The breed was/is sometimes regarded among Tutsi and Bahima tribes as sacred.Also in ancient Egyptian beliefs and contemporary Indo-religions. The notion of a sacred cow is  relatively seen in ancient Egyptian Tenetian faith which is an animal husbandry based faith also practiced by ancient Elamites. It existed from Africa to Indus valley. This practice also stems from 70,000 years ago when hunter gatherers learnt to herd wild  animals and eventual domestication of them. In ancient Egypt,the book of heavenly Cow features an illustrated large Watusi showing order between mankind and Gods.The book goes on to tell  mankind’s rebellion against the elder Sun God, Re, resulting in the punishment of humans by the fiery “eye” of Re in the form of the Goddess Hathor. It takes place after Re’s long rule on earth. The first part places considerable emphasis on the royal role of the Sun God, who bears the royal title and who’s name is surrounded by a cartouche. He is specifically given rulership over both the deities and the humans.The Watusi was also used as a  symbol of Milky way galaxy and the Ankh mimics its face and semi-circular horns.


In Rwanda/Burundi -Amashyo/Amashongore is a line of Watusi on way to a water source.At a water source,the herdsman (Mushumba) would pour mega litres of water from the well using a special bucket into a long clay trough (Kibumbiro) attached to the Well for Cows to drink and the process is called ”Kuhira”.

Horns can also grow to form a circular love-like shape.The ANKH design mimics this type of Cow head and horns

dickinson52114903273_2c25f4bc73 Hitorical pictures/paintings of the breed

In predynastic Egypt, cows were associated to deities and can be seen held supreme in Egyptian and Kushitic art.
Royal Kubandwa ceremony

Zebus were taken from Africa to the Asian continent by Elamites and later adopted by Dravidians in the Indus valley.

*The Ankole/Watusi specie is fast becoming an endangered Animal and needs national & international protection.

Since the persecution and expulsion of Tutsi  from Rwanda in 1959 and 1973,the government of the time associated Watusi breed to Tutsi people and the type was systematically set for mass slaughter by Habyarimana government and farmers were instead advised to take on Zero grazing with exotic Holstein Friesians imported from Belgium and France.The longhorn has been brought back in small numbers however with the return of Tutsi from exile since 1995, but the breed is none the less tilting on the blink of extinction in Rwanda due to less land,overpopulation and excessive modern commercial demands for organic meat and more milk leading to a severe decrease of Watusi numbers.This has led  most farmers to opt more for Holsteins and foreign Beef breeds.
The Ankole-Watusi  is also threatened by massive commercial demand for beef,horn and skin in Ugandan capital Kampala and sub cities like Mbarara. Breed is being slaughtered in large numbers on daily basis at an alarming rate to meet the demand for meat by a large population.New farming trends are leading farmers to cross  it with Holstein for more Milk and they are additionally trading it for Friesians which  nearly puts the indigenous majestic longhorn type onto the list of  the world’s most endangered domestic Animals.The Ankole Cow is facing the same fate in Burundi,Tanzania and is almost wiped out in the Congo due to prolonged war and conflict there.

About gakondo

East African History,Uganda,Rwanda,Burundi,Bunyoro-Kitara,Ankole,Karagwe,Buganda,Eastern Congo,Nubia, Ancient Nile river Kingdoms,Kush,Nile valley,Great Rift Valley,Eden garden,Kemet,Sumer,Ancient Congo,Havilah
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  1. Pingback: Day 18: Camel Spit & Llama Sex, or, When It’s OK to Break a Writing Routine | In the Garden of Eva

  2. Kaliisa Abdunoor says:

    The research is good but need
    someone is lost in tressing the origin.
    I would suggest that the search should start with the immigration of Jacob and Josef to Egypt. The Jews in Palestine belong to only two sons of Jacob yet the Bible and Koran tells about twelve children. where are the descendants of Ten?
    other theory is that the Tutsi, Hima, Somali and some Ethiopians (kushites) empire are the offsprings of Solomon and Balkis (Sheba).
    and it is where they derive their spiritual (Divine) powers? .
    I like the research I request and pray that you continue it very interesting and scholary.
    Also you can go through athropology and folklore of some tribes for example: In Palestine those Jews who did not leave (Bedouins) who still have Cows and Camels behave traditionally like Hima/Tutsi even the songs and dressing.
    This happens to Mauritanians in North west as well.
    All these questions needs answers.
    Am now proud to find somebody who is tired of European arms chair researches.
    Thank you

  3. gakondo says:

    The Biblical narrative of immigration of Jews to Egypt and their eventual enslavement is to be taken with a pinch of salt.It is partly through such tales that the Ancient Egyptians are demonized and portrayed in a negative form in Christianity and Islam.We need to find out whether these stories truly happened and whether they are recorded in the Papyri or on the walls.There has to be a cunning reason why Constantine writers sought to portray Egypt in an evil light after stealing all the knowledge and ancient writings of the Egyptians.Constantine was looking to building a new 1000 year global empire with a narrative that put his kind above other races.It explains why every Nile Valley Black Christian/Moslem hates and disassociates themselves from ancient Egypt and relates it to evil and satanism.There must be a deliberate twisting and de-Africanization of the Jew history that was done and what we think are Jews may be impersonators.
    Secondly, the Hima/Tutsi,Habesha and Somalians precede King Solomon they are not off-springs of Solomon’s union with Makeda but rather the royal bloodline of Ethiopia stemmed from that marriage starting with Menelik I.

    This article is steeped in the “origin” because a lot of Africans are lost due to a lack of understanding of the far origins of many aspects of their history.It is important for us to critically meditate about what we are told define us and to bravely revisit the genesis in order to understand ourselves and what is happening to us better.

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