The History of the Ankole-Watusi breed originally known as Inyambo cows is long and distinguished. Its lineage can be traced to before 4000 B.C.E as proved by excavated bones as well as rock paintings in the Sub-Sahara and the Egyptian and Meroitic pyramids. It existed before the first pharaohs ruled Egypt and Kush, a time when this breed known as the Hamitic Longhorn and commonly known as Ankole-Watusi lived along the Nile basin particularly prevailing around the shores of Lake Victoria and Tanganyika. Over a period of 3,000 years, the Watusi headed east through Abyssinia to Arabian Peninsula after spreading north into ancient Egypt, westwards into Garama (now Chad and Libya) and other parts of Africa. The majestic animal may have been a result of an African Buffalo hybrid with the shorter extinct type of African Aurochs thousands of years ago and originated around the western shores of Lake Victoria.
Debunking general theory on Ankole-Watusi Cattle’s Origin from India.
The twisted belief that the breed is originally a hybrid of Zebu from the Indian sub-continent, identifying it as a sub-specie Sanga cattle and therefore regarded as an intermediate type formed by hybridizing the indigenous African humpless cattle with Zebu kind allegedly brought in from India to Uganda over 40,000 years ago is largely unfounded or lacks historical evidence. Especially on how Indians brought in the Zebu to inland central Africa, bred it in Uganda forming the Sanga (Ankole-Watusi) type and vanished back to Asia living the Cow to the benefit of Bahima and Batusi peoples is totally unlikely therefore safe to say, never happened.
The Ankole-Watusi is a hybrid of something else extinct (African Aurochs perhaps) with an African Buffalo or an original by itself considering the fact that, the first interaction of Asians and indigenous Central Africans did not take place until around 700 C.E. The Breed is way too older to have initially been introduced to Africa during that period. The breeding process towards a Watusi produced the Zebu as an intermediary (dominant in south East Asia, which was introduced there from Africa) and was henceforth cast for hard labor and economic tasks many centuries ago by the Elamites for farming and transportation exercises and adopted by Dravidians in the Indus valley but not the other way round. The Ankole breed is very distinct from the Ongole breed of India. The Ankole Watusi is exclusive in its appearance, especially by its very long Horns. None of the other long-horned Cows seen in Chad, Mali, Senegal, Ethiopia and even those painted on Egyptian walls project the exactness in similarity with Cows found in Ankole. The intricacy of the shapes and lengths of their horns and the smooth hair on their skins and often fine dark brown, light brown, reddish-brown, brown with white spots and black colors; are no exact correspondence with those Cows seen outside the great lakes of East Africa suggesting that those Sanga Cows which were/or are found around and beyond the tropic of cancer and Capricorn are sub-Watusi breeds. The Watusi Cows originated in the East African Savannah grasslands just like the African Buffalo and in the similar ways other unique mammals such as Giraffes, Elephants, and Lions originated in that particular region of the planet. The Far East Asian Humped Zebu which was introduced by Elamites and Dravidians there has eventually acquired and shared genes from a native Bos frontalis sire of a Bovine family since its introduction in Asia 2500 years ago. Cows of this region are more closely related to the Bison and the water Buffalo than the exclusive refined class of Watusi.
Debunking theory of lower Egyptian origin of the Breed.
This theory thrives on a construed notion that everything remarkable in Africa started from lower Egypt and not on a merit of Egyptians importing it from elsewhere in Africa.
These ideas arise from the fact that the only place on the continent where most of the recorded ancient African history is found is in Egypt where pictographic rendition of similar cattle can be seen on monuments. Lower Egypt having been a desert area, bares no way this cattle specie could have originated from such a sandy and barren environment but most likely from around the source of the Nile where vast plains of lush vegetation and fresh water in a fair climate made it possible for such a majestic animal to have emerged at and thrived.The appearance of the Watusi shows a specie that stemmed from a much greener environmental area compared to the general characteristics of desert animals such as the camels and the cows found in arid areas of northern Kenya, Sudan, Ethiopia, and Mali.
The suggestion that these Cows originated in Egypt, is like saying that Llamas in South America originated in Scotland because they resemble Sheep or that Camels originated in Chile because they resemble Llamas. Surely Lions did not originate around Cairo either because they are erected as monuments (part of the Sphinx) there.
Hima migration fallacy
This notion is also based off a common theory that the Hima-Tutsi people migrated to Kitara (Uganda-Rwanda) area from modern day Ethiopia without carefully considering far earlier state of affairs of the Nile river people and their homogeneity along the river’s journey north. Hima-Tutsi as nomadic people were spread along the Nile since before the first Egyptian dynasty. They are primarily autochthonous to the Nile base. There has been a huge emphasis put into the southward migration theory from the Abyssinian highlands by secular academicians but not a reversal possibility of Hima migrating north and eastwards from Karagwe towards Abyssinia. The Abyssinian people of Africa that have been pointed out by the colonial writers to be kins of Hima people hence claimed to be the source where Bahima originated from, have ancient roots from among the Maasai and Hima-Tutsi from the plain shores of Lake Victoria and rift valley volcanic mountain plains and not the-other-way round as the general academia has ventured to promote and confuse.
Groups such as the Afar, Galla/Oromo, Agau, Sidama, Dir and Beja as the native dwellers of Abyssinia, Somalia, and Yemen have ancient origins from nomadic people of the great lakes of central and east Africa via their eponymous ancestor Khm who Somalians refer to as Mahe.
We find term Gala (Gara) for instance to have been another name for ancient Toro which may suggest Galla people of the horn of Africa to have origins at. Additionally, more places in Karagwe and ancient Rwanda bore the same name suggesting an earlier influence of the Gala clan in those regions. Wider theories, however, put the Gala (also known as the Oromites) to have origins in ancient Iran. A Less known reality is that at some point in history, exclusive cattle raring tribes (mostly Nilotes who the Hima and the Gala are part of) were vastly spread from the beginnings of the Nile to ancient Mesopotamia.
The hypothesis of Hima-Tutsi origins from outside of Havilah (Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo, Kenya, Tanzania) was proposed as one of the many tools of use in divide and conquer policy of the colonizer by mainly supplanting native history with his newly twisted version, in a plot to alienate the native from his homeland and with terminal goal to instill historical confusion, pseudo hostilities, bitter tribal conflicts and ultimately genocides as materialized in the last quarter of the 20th century.
The Hima-Tutsi existence extended from the Nile source seamlessly through to Levant. There was a great deal of nomadic lifestyle that stretched to modern Iraq.(A possibility of black people being prehistoric natives of lands stretching all the way to Sweden is another debate).
The general mainstream teaching of Hima-Tutsi migration theory from Ethiopia disregards such fact by concocting and constricting it in the following ways:
i.That the Hima-Tutsi were foreigners who migrated towards the Nile source from north of the Nile around 1000 C.E This is half a myth.
FACT: Black refugees including those of Pharoanic bloodlines returned to lake Victorian shores, rejoining people of their kind following Eurasian invasions beginning 6th-century B.C.E to 70 C.E. More phases of returnees including Bantus and Nubians to the deep jungles and on plains of Africa, took place until 700 C.E following later invasions by Mohammedan Arabs. Those blacks who remained suffered massacres, slavery, and rape which explains the mulatto effect on the majority of Horner’s modern appearance, especially among Djiboutis, Ethiopians, Beja and north Sudanese.
ii.That the Hima-Tutsi came as Conquerors. This is False.
FACT: Hima-Tutsi lived with rest of groups as a termite caste hierarchy. Each tribe respected and valued the other and worked together to uphold and safeguard their clusters. There is no legend of a war of conquer between Hima-Tutsi with the Twa and the Bantu. There is, however, tales of wars between Kingdoms and Kingdoms after the disintegration of Bunyoro-Kitara empire beginning 12th-century C.E.
iii. That the Hutu (Bantu) and the Twa were also not spread all the way to Cairo and beyond Suez. False.
Fact: Bantu/Hutu and other Nubian groups were present in Khmt and beyond to Mesopotamia as the general population.
Groups found around modern day Lake Victoria retreated in a massive exodus from the north of Africa following Greco-Roman and Persian-Arab invasions. They arrived at the Nile source finding and rejoining earlier groups of their kind that dwelt there.
The Greco and Roman invasions which gave way to Ptolemaic and Alexander rulership respectively, were initially characterized by brutality to the indigenous black people of north Africa and Ancient Khmt (Egypt) in particular. The brutality and massacres had successfully been done on black Carthaginians (who were children of black Sidonians commonly known as Phoenicians) then done on Libyans and blacks on Islands of Patmos.
The exodus of the groups of relatives of the Nubian Pharaohs and Khmtic blue bloods initially evacuated to Napata and later Kush with their Cows and symbols of power and eventually continued in retreatment further south towards Uganda, Rwanda/Burundi while other groups headed east to Somalia/Yemen/Eritrea and West to Mali and Senegal. A hidden aspect that is never investigated upon and discussed .
Along the Hima-Tutsi, also Elements of Twa, Bantu, west Africans, Sudanic Nilotes and other groups faced a retreat and exodus from the north Africa around the same time.
These groups were the citizenry and general population in urban areas of Khmt who provided labor services to the pharaohs and the government but also worship and sacrifices to the Gods especially Imn-Re.
Before the Eurasian Invasions of North Africa, ancient khmtians and thier neighbours often traveled and traded back and forth in-land Africa in search for Animals for domestication and other animal based products such as leopard skins, tasks, bones, blood, dried meat, grains, medicinal herbs, frankincense, spices, seeds, fruits, Salt, Iron, Gold, Limestone, meteorites, laborers, and brides.
Paintings of East African birds such as the crested Cranes, Ibis and animals such as the Giraffes and the Lions can be seen in ancient Egyptian art. There are no depictions of non-African animals such as polar Bears, Bengal Tigers, Bisons, Reindeer and Wolves on ancient Khmtian and Nubian walls.
Additionally, people such as the Numidians and the Garamantes traveled back and forth and interacted as far as the Zambezi river. It is during these early incidents of hunting and trading expeditions in pre-dynastic periods, that, the Watusi breed was further taken to Saharan Kingdoms from the Savannah grasslands and later earned a symbolic reverence and worship among early general North Africans.
The Reverence of the lands of the Nile Source as a holy place by ancient north Africans.
Ancient Khmtians regularly traveled from Egypt down south to the source of the Nile alternatively to offer sacrifices to the Nile Gods and along several other positions on river’s journey north for more appropriate rituals, its purification and flood inundation. These Ancient Egyptians called the river Nile “Iteru”. This in Rwanda and Burundi dialects completes as Iteru ry’umugyezi utemba which translates as “the river that flows forth”.
The Ankole-Watusi Horns
The Ankole-Watusi cattle in Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania and Eastern Congo with their truly distinctive horns, are known around the world for their giant horns that can grow to eight feet in length, in flat, circular or lyre shapes. These horns not only provide formidable defense against predators, but blood circulating through the honeycomb interior provides an efficient mechanism to cool the animal’s body temperature in hot climatic instances, just like a giant radiator.
In Uganda, the Banyankole-Banyoro-Hima/Hema tribe’s variety is known as the Ente zeny’Ankole (ANKOLE CATTLE). In Rwanda and Burundi, the Tutsi-Nyamulenge tribe’s variety is called the Watusi (these involve of Inyambo and Inkuku types) or Inka Ntutsi (WATUSI CATTLE). Culturally the animals that grew the longest horns were reserved for the royalty, and are called “Cattle of the Kings” for this reason. The true name of this breed of cattle is Inkha z’Inyambo or Ente z’Enyambo. They are sometimes referred to as Encwezi. The term Ankole-Watusi was devised by the British agent and explorer John Hanning Speke during his trips to the Nile source in the late 1800s due to the tribes he felt owned these unique cows he could not understand what these cows were and could not pronounce their traditional names properly.
The Ankole-Watusi as a Cwezi legacy
The breed is estimated to be over 7000 years old and is associated with the ancient Cwezi people who are thought to have been the cow’s breeders and distributors over time. The breed’s pictographs around Africa and Asia show places where the Cwezi or their kins have dwelled in history. The pictographs can be seen from the Nile source to the Sahara and the Arabian Peninsula. These Cows convey an important reminder on how ancient and royally connected the Wahima-Watusi pastoralists were in the history of African civilizations. How they became the custodians and rightful owners of these unique and majestic animals is a worthy road for the investigators to unravel.
The Ankole-Watusi Cows are spectacular in all aspects. They are elegant and graceful. Relative tribes that depend on this breed of Cows are the Masaai, Banyoro, Bahaya, Rendile, Herero, Himba and the Itesots. Near similar cows are found among west African Fulanis, Sudanic Dinka, Nuer and some Ethiopians.
The Ankole-Watusi are medium-sized cattle, with bulls weighing up to 1,600 pounds and cows up to 1,200 pounds, standing approximately six feet tall at the shoulder and are a very social breed. Watusi horns can reach 8 feet tip to tip and can have a base circumference of up to 28 inches. Calves Newborn calves weigh just 30–50 pounds (14–23 kg) and remain small for several months. In East Africa, traditional wealth was measured in living heads of cattle.
Ankole Watusi Cows as SACRED
The breed was/is sometimes regarded among the Tutsi and Hima people as sacred.This reverence is seen in ancient Khmtian beliefs and contemporary Indo-religions. The notion of a sacred cow was large in ancient khmtian Tenetian faith which was an animal husbandry based faith that was also practiced by ancient Elamites. It existed from Africa to the Indus valley.
In ancient khmt, the book of heavenly Cow features an illustrated large Watusi showing order between mankind and Gods. The book goes on to reveal mankind’s rebellion against the elder Sun God, Re, resulting in the punishment of humans by the fiery “eye” of Re in the form of the Goddess Hathor. It takes place after Re’s long rule on earth. The Ankole-Watusi was a metaphysical symbol of the Milky way galaxy and was the original symbol of “Life” before the Ankh sign came into existence. The Ankh mimics the cow’s face and the semi-circular horns besides a woman’s fallopian tube.
*The Ankole/Watusi specie is fast becoming an endangered Animal and needs national & international protection.